In this activity, students will:
Visit several online web sites to look at examples of architecture in Frederick County
This activity is coordinated with the following MSPAP outcomes:
Examine and interpret a primary source document
Students will demonstrate their ability to construct, extend, and examine meaning for a
variety of texts by using strategic behavior and integrating both their prior knowledge and
reading and topic familiarity.
Social Studies Outcomes:
- Students will demonstrate an ability individually or as part of a group to gather
information, think critically, and solve problems as needed to facilitate responsible
decision-making, to understand complex ideas, and to generate new ideas.
Grades K - 3: Obtain and use relevant information by reading, asking
questions, observing, and listening; interact with others in groups to achieve
Grades 4 - 5: Obtain, interpret, organize, and use information from reading,
asking questions, observing, and listening; participate in a group in a variety
of roles, such as leader, follower, member, encourager, facilitator, and
- Students will demonstrate an understanding of the history, diversity, and commonality of
the peoples of the world, the reality of human interdependence, the need for global
cooperation, and a multicultural perspective.
Grades K - 3: Explain how people from different cultures share common
wants and needs; examine how people develop cultures through
interaction with the environment and with other cultures.
Grades 4 - 5: Analyze the characteristics of various cultures as evidenced in the
development of Maryland and the U.S.
The homes people choose to construct and live in reflect cultural choices. In colonial times,
people worked with available building materials to recreate homes similar to those in the culture
from which they emigrated, while showing some stamp of the new world into which these people
came. In this way, homes can be seen not only as a mark of what the society from which they
emerged values, but as an indication of how old traditions have been maintained and modified.
You will need web access for this activity. If this is not available in your classroom, you can
visit the sites yourself, print the needed pages, and duplicate them for your class.
Duplicate Worksheet D for students. You will need three copies for each student. Visit and
bookmark sites on student-accessible computers. If possible, place bookmarks in a separate
folder for student use, with a title built around this activity. You can speed up this process by
copying the bookmarks file to a disk and then transferring the file to each computer that
students will be using.
Explain to students that they are going to look back at different times in the history of
Frederick County by examining the homes of that period to find out more about the culture
that built these structures. Start this exploration by comparing some of the older homes in
your community with more modern homes. How are they different? How are they the same?
You could use a Venn diagram of intersecting circles to record student responses.
Write the URLs for the sites students should visit on the board. (Explain that they are
bookmarked on student-accessible computers if you have completed this for them.) Students
can select three homes from this group. The sites are:
This site is a general one, looking at homes and everyday life in colonial times and
The Beatty-Cramer House, believed to be the oldest in Frederick County; encourage
students to follow the click-offs on this page to learn more details about the house
A virtual visit to Schifferstadt, a home built in 1756, which shows the Germanic
traditions of the county
A virtual tour of Ceresville Mansion, built in 1888
The building that currently houses The Historical Society of Frederick County is briefly
looked at here and described in detail at http://www.mdinns.com/inns/fredcnty.htm
A general description of many of the historic homes and sites in the area
Explain that, as they visit each site, students should fill out a chart for each home. Some of
the information is given at the site; other information can be gleaned from pictures of the
Divide the class into pairs or groups, and assign them a computer station to use in gathering
Bring the class together to share their information, and reflect on the kinds of cultural values
and activities that the homes they visited virtually have to say. For example, how does the
sturdy architecture of Schifferstadt reflect what the people who built it felt about their
As a concluding activity, direct students to write several diary entries from the point of view
of the people who may have lived in one of these homes in the past.
WORKSHEET D: HOMES IN FREDERICK COUNTY
|NAME OF HOME:
| Built in . . .
| Built by . . .
| Other people who
| Number of rooms:
| Number of windows:
| Size of windows:
| Number of fireplaces:
| Building materials used on
outside of the house
| Some architectural features:
| Decorative elements on
outside of the home:
| Other buildings located
| Used today as a/an:
| IMPRESSIONS OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS
MOVEMENTS | THE MARKETPLACE
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